Challenges Of Police Training
In The Community Policing Era

As law enforcement reform, progresses and advances and society changes, the training law enforcement receive must adjust. Police are currently in the community policing era. Police training however, has been slow to adapt to community policing. This police training is delivered at several different levels of the police structure. For recruits, the training is delivered at the academy, or basic training, for rookies the training is received through their field training officer program and for officers with time and veteran officers, the training is received during in-service training. There are three main training challenges. These challenges are “curriculum and delivery challenges”, “occupational socialization, recruitment challenges and informal lessons”, and “legal protection and failure to train”. The first main challenge of curriculum and delivery challenges emphasizes that police training is double edged and that important police skills must coincide with knowledge. This training is not balanced. Recruits spend about 90 percent of their training time on firearms, driving, first aid, self-defense and other use of force tactics even though only 10 percent of their job duties will put them in a position where they need to use these skills. Training has not caught up with the current community relations, problem solving era because there is a need for more knowledge and additional skills. Occupational socialization, recruit challenges and informal lessons deal with building police identity from pre-entry and introduction stage. During the pre-entry stage, applicants begin to view themselves in the police role based on real or imagined perceptions. During the introduction phase, recruits receive formal and informal lessons which may contradict one another and maybe a reason that police trainings having trouble adapting with the police community era. Legal protection and failure to train is an important issue which deals with the concerns of lawsuits and liability on an officer and agency.
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